What is The National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act of 1986? The VICP is a Federal “no-fault” system designed to compensate individuals or families of individuals, who have been injured by covered childhood vaccines, whether administered in the private or public sector. The U.S. Court of Federal Claims decides who will be paid.
The National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) was established to ensure an adequate supply of vaccines, stabilize vaccine costs, and establish and maintain an accessible and efficient forum for individuals found to be injured by certain vaccines. The VICP is a no-fault alternative to the traditional tort system for resolving vaccine injury claims that provides compensation to people found to be injured by certain vaccines. The U. S. Court of Federal Claims decides who will be paid. Three Federal government offices have a role in the VICP:
- the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS);
- the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ); and
- the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (the Court).
How does the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) work? The VICP is administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the Department of Justice (DOJ), and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (Court). However, the Court makes the final decision as to whether claims are compensated and the amount of the award.
How does the claim process begin? To begin, a claim must be filed by or on the behalf of the individual thought to be injured by a vaccine covered by the VICP. A claim is started by filing a legal document called a petition that is prepared by you or your lawyer to request compensation under the VICP. Anyone who files a claim is called a petitioner. The only form required is the Court’s cover sheet for the claim. You may obtain a copy of the cover sheet and a sample claim by calling (202) 357-6400.
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