The NIH offers a useful set of resources on vaccinations and the diseases that they are deisgned to prevent.
Included are legal resources that discuss Vaccine Law and Policy, Immunization Laws and the National Vaccine Program Office's role in the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program. Under the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act, the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP) was created to compensate those injured by vaccines on a "no fault" basis. This program will be described in detail later in the overview.
Many parents have questions about Vaccine Safety and the NIH provides a good overview about Vaccine safety issues. Perhaps the greatest success story in public health is the reduction of infectious diseases resulting from the use of vaccines. Routine immunization has eradicated smallpox from the globe and led to the near elimination of wild polio virus.
However, as infectious diseases continue to decline, some people have become less interested in the consequences of preventable illnesses like diphtheria and tetanus. Instead, they have become increasingly concerned about the risks associated with vaccines.
The topic of vaccine safety became prominent during the mid 1970's with increases in lawsuits filed on behalf of vaccine victims, those presumably injured by the diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus (DPT) vaccine.