Why? The best way to prevent pressure ulcers is to remove the pressure by turning the patient regularly, say every two to four hours.
Pressure ulcers are also more commonly known as bedsores which are lesions caused by unrelieved pressure, friction, humidity, temperature, age, continence, and medication to any part of the body, especially over bony or cartilaginous areas such as sacrum, elbows, knees, and ankles.
Stage IV pressure ulcers are the deepest, extending into the muscle, tendon, or even bone. Stage IV bedsores are purple or maroon discolored skin or a blood-filled blister due to damage of underlying soft tissue from pressure and/or friction. The area may be preceded by tissue that is painful, firm, mushy, boggy, warmer or cooler as compared to adjacent tissue.
Pressure sores can trigger other problems causing serious suffering. Some complications include extremely high blood pressure, bladder distension, acute bone infections, infectious arthritis, sepsis, anemia, urethral fistula, gangrene, and malignant ulcers. Complications from pressure sores can be life-threatening with the most common causes stemming from renal failure and amyloidosis (protein in tissues and blood).
Pressure ulcers or bedsores are caused by serious neglect of not moving the patient on a frequent schedule or at all. Bedsores reflect inadequate care at nursing homes.